After a young man, Shinkichi, inadvertently causes the death of his wife Rui, her jealous ghost comes back to haunt him -- the unfortunate result of an ancient family curse incurred by an ancestor who murdered a debt collector. Hoping to escape his torment, the man runs off with one of his wife's former pupils, which only enrages the woman's spirit more. Kikunosuke Onoe and Hitomi Kuroki star in this spooky horror film from the director of Ringu.
This is an Edo period horror movie that came out in 2007. It was ok (better than Izo). Although this was directed by Hideo Nakata, the director who also did Ringu, it really was a big step below the Ringu movies in my opinion. Just an average horror flick but really not too intense. It had a bunch of CG snakes and other funny looking effects including the final scene where the ghost Rui is lovingly cradling Shinkichi, but only his severed head, as he looks back at her with a loving smile. Ghost horror movies are what I like best and this had some good scares but nothing to write home about. If you're going to make a horror flick, gotta make it so people really jump outa their seats. I slapped the couch with a couple of scenes but overall it was pretty tame. I need a fair amount more shock from a horror flick than this provided.
In 1865 when the Shogunate is on its last legs but still capable of punishing its enemies, one is Izo an assassin in the service of Hanpeida, a Tosa lord and Imperial supporter. After killing dozens of the Shogun's men Izo is captured and crucified. Instead of being extinguished his rage propels him through the space-time continuum to present-day Tokyo where his finds himself one with the city's homeless. Here Izo transforms himself into a new improved killing machine his entire soul still enraged by his treatment in his past life. His response to the powers-that-be whose predecessors put him to death is the sword.
Bizarre. Bizarre. Bizarre. I've only seen 60 or so Japanese films including samurai flicks but I don't think there are many that could be more bizarre and wacko as this one. The movie kept getting more and more bizarre but after seeing the school hallway scene with the zombie women and the naked children, that was it for me. Holy crap.
The movie was bizarre. Then a little later it got bizarre. Then...it really got bizarre. Did I mention this movie was bizarre. But actually, it was't that bad. It was just a little BIZARRE. When Bob Sapp made his entrance, that was it. Oh wait, after the lady near the end got her head cut off and a GIANT FRICKIN CATERPILLER CRAWLED OUT, then I really knew how bizarre it was. I needed some medication or a psychiatrist after watchin' this film because I seriously thought I was hallucinating. The director Miike was smoking something when he made this film.
This is a statue of Kannon Bodhisattva outside the Zenshuhi Zen temple in downtown Los Angeles. Once a week I visit Kannon here at Zenshuji.
Kannon is the Buddhist bodhisattva of compassion or goddess of mercy. Kannon is often pictured next to Amida Buddha. In the crown on Kannon can be seen an image of Amida Buddha who was Kannon's spiritual teacher before Kannon became a Bodhisattva. Amida Buddha is the principal Buddha of the Pure Land sect
Above are six Jizo statues outside Zenshuji. Jizo is also a Bodisattva and the name is translated as "Earth Treasury", "Earth Store", or "Earth Womb". Jizo is known for his vow not to achieve Buddhahood until all the various hells are emptied. In Japan, Jizo is one of the most beloved of deities and you will see Jizo statues all over Japan. Jizo is considered the guardian of children and travelers but there are actually dozens of other various Jizo's who provide protection for many different people. Since Jizo is the savior of souls, you will often find him in cemeteries in Japan. Also, since he provides protection to travelers, Jizo is a common site along the roadsides of Japan.
Benkei, a master fighter and killer, vows never to take another life after his conversion to Buddhism. His faith in pacifism, however, is shaken and ultimately broken when members of a warrior clan are being mysteriously beheaded at Gojoe Bridge. With his "Demon Slayer" sword the former Buddhist monk and his grave robbing sidekick set out to unmask and destroy the powerful evil forces that lurk at Gojoe bridge. Set in the 12th Century, this action packed epic features some of the most extraordinary fight sequences ever filmed, and heralds the return of the Samurai Film to Japanese Cinema.
This movie is based on Japanese historical legends and ancient clan rivalries and therefore many Westerners not familiar with them may not fully appreciate this film. It revolves around the great rivalry between the Taira and the Minamoto clans. The movie is directly based on the famous battle on the Gojoe Bridge in the 12th century between Musashibo Benkei and Minamoto Yoshitsune.
There are many impressive sword fighting scenes as well as maybe the most beheadings of any film I have watched. But these beheadings were not filmed gruesomely like some generic chanbara flick. What you actually see are a series of blood geysers erupting from beyond the bushes as the so-called "demon" attacks the samurai warriors. It is these lightning attacks which is what causes the samurai to try and figure out who or what is attacking them. Whoever is attacking the samurai are so fast as to be unseen so it is believed they are being attacked by demons. But are they? Benkei the monk feels it is his destiny to slay the "demon" and that once he does, he will achieve enlightenment. This will lead to his final battle. The main character, Benkei (Daisuke Ryu), was impressive with his calm and religious demeanor that hides his violent past. This movie has a lot a Buddhist and religious symbolism, good and evil, etc. The final battle between Benkei and the "demon" is long, intense and impressive but maybe not the "most extraordinary" of fight sequences as described by the film's producers. The movie uses very good imagery and is filmed in beautiful natural settings along with many fast action fight scenes and it is based on famous legends and stories from Japanese history which means this movie gets two thumbs up from me.
Rival gangs are at war with one another, ravaging the countryside and slaughtering anyone who defies them. Unfortunately for them, they messed with the wrong guy. When Jokichi, a famed wandering Yakuza soldier, tries to go straight, he quickly learns that you only leave the Underworld by getting sent to hell.
After his fellow mobsters murder his entire family, he's got only one reason to keep living--to ensure they keep dying! And the Kanto plains are full of rats that need killin'! In fact, there are three movies full of them.
Yes, this 1972 film is the first of three movies in the Mikogami trilogy full of slashing blades and bloody revenge. Jokichi's mayhem occurs in my Japan neighborhood in the Tochigi area around Utsunomiya and the Nikko road. The film follows the classic revenge story which was popular during the 70s samurai film era. The film includes some graphic and gruesome scenes, one which particularly made me flinch and cover my eyes. The scene is when the film graphically shows Jokichi getting two of his fingers smashed to a pulp by his Yakuza enemies. This film has a lot of good sword action but is a step or two or three below films such as the Lone Wolf and Cub in my opinion. It is an average chambara flick but for what it is, it is still worth the time to watch and I plan to watch the final two films in the trilogy. The revenge theme is used a lot during the 70s samurai film period and this one does not make any effort at originality from that theme but I am OK with that. The movie is mildly entertaining.
Below is an interesting program from current.com about Japan's rapidly aging and shrinking population. I found this program through Bartman905's blog "Konnichiwa". The program is 25 minutes long but it is very interesting. It doesn't just cover the use of robots in Japan but touches on the aspect of Japan's reluctance to increase foreign immigration as way to compensate for the shrinking population.
During the Edo period in Japan (1600-1868), acupuncturist Dr. Baian (Ken Watanabe) uses his skills to kill or cure. In fact, Baian-sensei often accepts payment to extinguish evildoers -- but only so that he can use the money to minister to the innocent sick. Think Robin Hood with needles and blades instead of a longbow. This first volume of the gritty series finds Baian navigating the shadowy street scene, where the action takes place in bars and brothels.
Released in 2006 and starring Ken Watanabe of The Last Samurai fame. This is a classic jidaigeki film and is the first movie of a two film series. A period drama that takes place during the Edo period in Japan but it is not a chanbara sword fighting flick. Although some other reviews around the web state the movie includes ninjas, there are no ninjas in this film. And that is good as ninjas would just be out of place in this movie. However, Baian does have a ninja-like flip during his first assassination even though I would not call him a ninja.
I liked this volume. I say movie but apparently this was a 1990s TV show that they combined to make this movie. But for me it still flowed like a movie so I am not complaining. Not a lot of action but still a good story and Ken Watanabe was perfect for this role. It is an interesting character for Watanabe to play, a compassionate doctor who is also an assassin. I like Watanabe and I think he his a good actor. There are only one or two short sword fighting scenes. The ending of the movie has a surprising twist when Baian has to assassinate someone he knew from along time ago.
Following the death of the Shogun, it becomes evident that his death was no accident. He was poisoned because he wanted his second-son to be heir to his throne. A battle between the eldest and his younger brother erupts. Warriors take each side swearing devotion to the prospective lords. The plot to pit brother against brother is secretly being controlled by the Yagyu clan, a group of warriors who have trained the Tokugawa shogunate's family in the art of swordsmanship for generations. A group of Imperial nobles are also secretly pulling the strings of this plot, hoping to weaken the power of the Shogunate and restore power to the Emperor.
This film was released in 1978 and stars Sonny Chiba and Toshiro Mifune. The plot of this movie surrounds the death of the second Tokugawa Shogun Hidetada. The movie is based on what is believed to have been a true rivalry between the real Tokugawa Iemitsu, the eldest son of Shogun Hidetada, and Tokugawa Tadanaga, the second son of Hidetada. In reality, Tokugawa Hidetada had abdicated rule to Iemitsu in 1623 but the movie plays it a different way from historical reality. In the film, Hidetada dies before naming his heir but apparently he had told several people that he planned on naming Tadanaga as his heir going against the tradition of naming the eldest son. The head of the Yagyu clan who was loyal to Iemitsu became aware of this and they did not agree with Hidetada's plan and therefore the Yagyu plotted to do something about it. So they assassinated Hidetada.
This is a Good movie with many, many good sword fighting scenes and political intrigue. The ending of the movie is also a complete shocker and is a total twist from historical reality. But it is interesting to imagine if this really happened historically. Conspiracy theorists would love this type of movie. This is one huge conspiracy theory.
From the Los Angeles Times today, an article about Japan's slightly obsessed battle against germs and viruses.
In Japan, every day is hand-scrubbing, mask-wearing day. But the nation got into the spirit of Global Hand Washing Day anyway with a special dance, DVDs, posters and pamphlets.
Subway passengers in Tokyo wear masks as part of nationwide measures to prevent the spread of H1N1 influenza, commonly known as swine flu. Japan has even launched a "cough etiquette" campaign. (Franck Robichon / European Pressphoto Agency / May 21)
Reporting from Tokyo - There was a special dance created by a well-known choreographer, as well as DVDs, special posters and pamphlets. Masks and a "cough etiquette" campaign are already ubiquitous. As is lots and lots of soap.
Thursday was proclaimed the second annual Global Hand Washing Day, and the U.N. agency that promotes child welfare sought to deliver the message that this simple measure is the most effective way to prevent many deadly diseases, including H1N1 influenza, commonly known as swine flu. Every year, 8.8 million children younger than 5 die of preventable illnesses worldwide.
Making that point in Japan, in the words of one expert, is like shipping coal to Newcastle.
The United Nations says more than 80 countries held events to promote the importance of hand washing. None probably needed the reminder less than Japan, where every day is hand-scrubbing, mask-wearing day. But many Japanese got into the spirit anyway.
Well-known choreographer Kaiji Moriyama composed ahand-washing dance especially for the day and performed it in an oversized sky-blue shirt adorned with white droplets, presumably of soapy water. Hiro Masa of Japan's U.N. Children's Fund committee said Moriyama went to a kindergarten and performed the dance with children.
"We posted the hand-washing dance movie on our Web, YouTube, handed out DVDs, posters and pamphlets to schools, kindergartens and people across the country," Masa said.
"Many children in the world do not have access to safe water or the habit or means to wash their hands properly," he said. "We want to tell the Japanese public, and in particular children, about the situation."
With the current flu concerns, cleanliness has become an even more serious issue here.
The H1N1 virus is spreading in Japan, and many schools have closed. There were at least 240,000 cases in the country from Sept. 22 to Sept. 27, according to the Infectious Disease Surveillance Center.
Hiroshi Shoji, an English-language instructor in Saitama prefecture near Tokyo, said children usually wash their hands and gargle in the winter, but now it is many times a day -- and after every activity.
"Students in this area must wash their hands, gargle and spray hands with alcohol upon entering school," he said. "Any time of the day, students are free to gargle, wash their hands and spray their hands with alcohol. They are allowed to wear masks if they want to."
Yushi Yamada, a Tokyo fourth-grader, is learning the Japanese way early in life. He said he washes his hands four times a day, excluding the times after using the toilet.
"I know it's very important," he said.
But one mother at an elementary school said the school had alcohol hand gel. Some children licked it off their hands and became drunk.
Shoji's wife, Sandra, an instructor at Tokyo International University, complained that restrooms at many universities have only cold water because of a lack of money, and students don't seem particularly focused on washing.
"But teachers have become cautious and are like 'Monk,' " she said, referring to the TV show about an obsessive-compulsive investigator. "We use handkerchiefs to open doors. We use wipes after touching computers or students' papers. More teachers are having students send homework by e-mail or a university e-group. That way, teachers don't have to touch lots of germy papers."
The caution has applied to Japanese workers as well. Notices about H1N1 prevention -- washing your hands and wearing a mask if you are sick -- are displayed in many office buildings.
The government even launched a "cough etiquette" campaign telling people to cover their mouths with a tissue and turn away from others. Used tissues must be thrown away as soon as possible.
The problem is, Japan is so tidy that public trash cans can be hard to find.
This movie was released in 2003 and stars Yosuke Kubozuka as Amakusa who has risen from the dead to seek revenge.
In 1637, 37,000 peasants perished in the Shimabara Christian revolt; among them, the leader of that uprising, Shiro Amakusa. More than a decade later, Amakusa rises from the dead hell-bent on revenge. Resurrecting a ghastly army of living dead master swordsman by way of an occult art called "Makai Tensho" (demonic transmigration), he sets his sights on overthrowing the Tokugawa Shogunate. Standing in their way is legendary samurai Jubei Yagyu, who will have to fight the reincarnation of his own father before a fierce final confrontation with Shiro Amakusa himself.
This movie will have more meaning if you have some understanding of Japanese history otherwise Jubei's duel with the dead Miyamoto Musashi will have less meaning or the resurrection of THE shogun himself, Tokugawa Ieyasu, will be won't mean as much. Yes, Ieyasu rises from the dead from his shrine in Nikko. The opening battle scene, although short, is impressive. It is an interesting samurai/horror film although I would have liked to have seen more sword fighting and more intense horror parts. This is film that really requires a beer or two or three or four to fully enjoy.
1962 black and white film directed by Masaki Kobayashi and starring Tatsuya Nakadai. The Japanese name of the film is Seppuku which is a more formal term for the act of a person, usually a samurai, disemboweling himself. Harakiri was used for the American release of the film since this term is more familiar to Westerners.
Following the collapse of his clan, unemployed samurai Hanshiro Tsugumo (Tatsuya Nakadai) arrives at the manor of Lord Ii requesting to commit seppuku (suicide) on his property. Ii's clansmen, believing the desperate ronin is merely angling for charity, try to force him to eviscerate himself--but they have underestimated his honor and his past. This film is a winner of the 1963 Cannes Film Festival's Special Jury Prize, Masaki Kobayashi's Harakiri is a scathing denouncement of feudal authority and hypocrisy.
AMAZING, STUNNING, SHOCKING, INCREDIBLE. This film is one of the best samurai movies I have ever seen. The story, the acting, everything, was incredible. This film is way beyond any typical samurai movie. This is not a sword fighting chanbara flick, not even close. And yet this film had two of the most impressive sword fighting scenes I have seen in any movie. The first was an impressive duel and the last was an epic battle where Tsugumo faces off against several dozen samurai of the Ii clan. This film takes you in unexpected ways and really surprises you but I don't want to give too much away for if there is anyone out there who is interested in samurai movies but has not seen this one, SEE THIS MOVIE. Be warned however. There is a seppuku scene at the beginning of the movie. I have seen a lot of blood and gore in many movies but this required me to cover my eyes. Not because there were guts everywhere, but because of the sickening realism of what was happening. It still makes me cringe.
During the corrupt rule of the Tokugawa shogunate, three cold-blooded killers live only to deliver death to their elusive prey--ninjas! These are the Shadow Hunters. A simple task becomes deadly when the three assassins are hired to ensure that a vital deed is safely delivered to Edo. Along the way, ninja, double-agents, and sexy female assassins will team up to deliver a deed of their own--a dirty deed of death to the Shadow Hunters.
This film fits right in with the classic cheesy 70s chanbara flicks including cheesy 70's mustaches, hairdos and music. Add in some decent sword fighting scenes, ninja acrobatics, and a little female flesh, and it all adds up to an entertaining night of movie watching, especially with a bowl of popcorn and some Newcastle Brown Ale. Probably the most entertaining character is Sunlight, one of the Shadow Hunters. Sunlight sports a thick mustache and pimp-like fur coat and spends much of the movie womanizing and flirting. Later, Sunlight takes a spear through the chest like it was mosquito bite. There are a lot of rolling heads and gushing veins in this movie as would be expected but also an extreme scene where a topless female assassin is cut down in a pretty shocking fashion.
This is a 1966 black and white film from director Kihachi Okamoto. The Japanese name of the film is Dai-Bosatsu toge which I believe means "The Pass of the Boddhisattva".
Tatsuya Nakadai and Toshiro Mifune star in the story of a wandering samurai who exists in a maelstrom of violence. A gifted swordsman-plying his trade during the chaotic final days of the Tokugawa Shogunate's rule-Ryunosuke (Nakadai) kills without remorse, without mercy. It is a way of life that ultimately leads to madness. The Sword of Doom is a thrilling story of a man who choses to devote his life to evil.
This movie is marvelously shot in black and white which enhances the grim background of the story. The movie is full of incredible and stunning sword fights, some of the best I have seen in any movie. One of the most suspenseful and awesome duels involved bokken, wooden swords. The tension and suspense as the two combatants stared each other down was edge-of-the seat awesome. It is Toshiro Mifune, who plays sensei Shimada, whose words about the sword being the extension of the soul which is probably responsible for Ryunosuke's final slide into madness and leads to his bloody rampage at a brothel. This movie includes some of the political intrigue of the time with the bloody and violent samurai corps of the Shogun, the Shinsengumi, but the movie is really about the talented but extremely disturbed young samurai. One thing about this movie is the ending, it will shock most people. Some will like it but others will be left saying "WTF" and be disappointed. One of the reasons the ending occurs the way it does is because this film was supposed to be the first of a trilogy but for some reason the remaining films were unfortunately never made. However, this is one of the few films that makes me want to watch it again immediately. It was good, really good. But the very last scene nevertheless had me saying one huge "WTF JUST HAPPENED".
White Heaven and Hell is the sixth and last of the famous Lone Wolf and Cub movies.
This is the last adventure of Lone Wolf (Ogami Itto) and his Cub (Daigoro). Having failed in all his previous attempts to destroy Ogami, the evil lord of the Yagyu clan recruits his blood-thirsty daughter. Together with the supernatural warriors, these are his most powerful weapons. If they fail, the Yagyu lord Retsudo plans to release the might of the entire Yagyu army. Ogami and Daigoro stand at the crossroads to hell.
This movie was somewhat anti-climatic as the final film of the six movie series. It was OK but not great. As you can see from the movie poster, the final battle scene devolves into the fricken samurai winter Olympics. Not at all a classic samurai battle but rather a lot of skiing, jumping and sliding in the snow. It was kind of bizarre but the Yagyu clan army are sure good skiiers. You will see Ogami face what is his stiffest challenge yet when he faces what I would call zombie samurai. It was the only time I saw some fear or desperation in Ogami's eyes.
Red Shadow, Blue Shadow and Aska are neophyte ninjas under the tutelage of the great warrior White Shadow. Their lives are a series of perilous missions that entail intrigue, deception and intimidation. Will they survive an obstacle course of death traps, highly skilled opponents and personal struggles against their own weaknesses?
I didn't like this movie. This movie was very boring with lots of bad acting. It is full of stupid, incompetent ninjas. It did have a couple of funny Star Wars scenes. One where a ninja was blocking dozens of throwing weapons with his sword as if he was a Jedi blocking laser blasts with his light saber. Later, a ninja master puts a remote choke hold on an opponent with with a Darth Vader type death grip. I understand that this is probably supposed to be a spoof of classic ninja movies but I guess I am just not sophisticated enough to get the spoof humor in this movie. I didn't think the spoof humor was funny enough for me. I am just a simpleton that likes classic spoof humor from movies like Airplane.
Here is a teaser for the movie Katen no Shiro which is about the construction of Japanese warlord Oda Nobunaga's (1534-82) grand and magnificent Azuchi castle. Apparently this movie was released on September 12th. Has anybody seen it?
From the teaser, it looks pretty amazing. I wish I could see it but I would need English subtitles. Who knows when that would happen. The well-known actor Toshiyuki Nishida plays a lead role in the film. Anybody familiar with Japanese television will recognize him. The movie website is here.
Azuchi castle was built by Nobunaga to be a symbol throughout Japan of his growing power. Azuchi was not the typical rugged and foreboding castle of the time but was built lavishly to impress. The castle was located near Kyoto and took three years and thousands of laborers and artists to build. It was completed in 1579 as Nobunaga was nearing the height of his power and with national hegemony within his sights. Unfortunately the castle was destroyed only three years later in 1582 by Nobunaga's assassin Akechi Mitsuhide (or possibly was burned by looting townspeople or another theory that it was burned by one of Nobunaga's sons).
This is the 5th movie released in 1973 starring Tomisaburo Wakayama as the assassin Ogami Itto.
Prior to hiring Ogami Itto, Lord Kuroda, head of the Kuroda clan, sends his five greatest warriors to individually test the skill of the Lone Wolf. Ogami passes the test.
Hired to ensure that the succession to the head of the clan passes to the legitimate heir, the son of Lord Kuroda. Lone wolf becomes enmeshed in a web of intrigue that leads in turn to Lord Retsudo, the evil head of the Yagyu. Before he can break free, he must turn against the very men who hired him, the loyal retainers of the Kuroda clan.
Another bloody movie as would be expected but maybe a little more tame then the first four movies. The most gruesome scene was the close up of a body being cut clean in half. In this movie, Itto's little son really show's his toughness and strength which he obtained from his father. The movie ends with another bad ass fight scene with dozens of attackers coming after Itto. Among the first four, this was my least favorite yet it still kicked butt.
1972 film Starring Wakayama Tomisaburo as the assassin Ogami Itto.
Oyuki, a tattooed female assassin is killing every man that is sent up against her. Along with her deadly use of the short blade, she strips to the waist to reveal the elaborate tattoos on her chest and back. She then cuts off her victims' topknots, or chonmage, which brings dishonor to the dead man and his family. Ogami Ittō, the disgraced former shogun's executioner is hired to kill Oyuki.
Classic samurai flick that is worth it for some kick ass samurai/ninja action. This one is a lot better than the Shogun's Ninja. What do you get with this masterpiece? Flaming swords, tattooed naked female bodies, machine gun baby carts, bloody ninja action, and severed limbs galore. I recommend this one.
I watched this History channel show earlier this year. It's about Tokugawa Ieyasu and the Battle of Sekigahara. The show was a little cheesy because of the English-speaking actors but it was not bad. It is a good overview of this most famous and important battle in Japanese history. This Youtube video is from the episode and is the final scene of the Battle. Not bad.
This is a 1972 film from director Misumi Kenji starring Wakayama Tomisaburo as the assassin Ogami Itto. This the third in the series of six LW&C films.
Ogami Itto, disgraced former executioner for the shogun, is hired by the Chief Chamberlain of the Kakegawa Clan to kill Governor Sawatari, who arranged the death of the rightful Lord of the Kakegawa and stole the Kakegawa fief. Sawatari himself offers to hire Ogami, but when Ogami refuses, Sawatari realizes that he is Ogami's target, and decides to trap the "Lone Wolf and Cub".
As would be expected, there are some pretty sick scenes in this film, the tongue being bitten off being one of them. Ogami endures some pretty brutal buri-buri (waterboarding) torture at the hands of some yakuza and later shows his incredible jumping ability, especially for a chunky assassin, as he does a flip over an attacker on horseback. The end of the movie has Ogami essentially taking on a small army. All in all it was an entertaining movie.
This is the second film in the series of six released in 1972.
In this second film of the series, the assassin Ogami Itto battles a group of female ninjas in the employ of the evil Yagyu clan. Itto is hired by a clan to assassinate a traitor who plans to sell the clan's secrets to the shogunate. The traitor is guarded by the three Gods of Death.
So far among the first four Lone Wolf and Cub movies, this is the bloodiest and goriest yet. In one of the sickest and bloodiest scenes I have seen in any movie, the female ninjas slice and dice another ninja until only the ninjas torso is remaining. Another good scene occurs when the ninjas attack Itto with some deadly daikon radishes with blades hidden inside the radishes. The final scene where Itto attacks the three "Gods of Death" is incredibly bloody and includes a disgusting scene where one of the Gods of Death has his head split wide open. I still have to see the last two films in the series which I plan to do in the next week or so. But among the first four so far, I think this one is the best yet. Incredible action, good storyline.